2017 Term 1 Primary School Preparation Synonyms/Antonyms

1. add increase, accumulate, sum,
  subtract decrease, deduct, take away,
2. admire adore, appreciate, value,
  despise disdain, loathe, abhor,
3. agree admit, allow, grant,
  disagree deny, dispute, differ,
4. begin start, commence, set about,
  end stop, complete, terminate,
5. benefit advantage, favour, gain,
  harm disadvantage, detriment, damage,

6. big huge, large, gigantic,
  small, tiny, diminutive, miniature
7. bright, luminous, shiny, brilliant
  dark, drab, dull, dim,
8. combine, connect, mix, merge
  split, divide, separate, discombobulate,
9. clean, pure, spotless, flawless
  dirty filthy, foul, sordid
10. encourage, aid, boost, support
  discourage, dishearten, dispirit, deter

11. fast, speedy, quick, rapid
  slow, unhurried, tardy , sluggish
12. happy, cheerful, content, elated
  sad, sorrowful, depressed, dismal
13. hill, mountain, peak, ridge
  valley, dale, dell, dingle
14. hope expectation, belief, faith
  despair desperation, despondency, hopelessness
15. hot, boiling, scorching, sizzling
  cold, chilly, freezing, icy

16. keep, retain, save, maintain
  discard, scrap, get rid of, ditch
17. make, form, create, produce
  destroy, demolish, wreck, ruin
18. plain simple, basic, unembellished
  decorated, adorned, patterned, embellished
19. safety shelter, protection, security
  danger, peril, threat, risk
20. same alike, identical, similar
  different contrasting, distinct, dissimilar

*Three types of antonyms (gradable, complementary and relational) can be distinguished. Word meanings are context-dependent.