2019 Term 1 High School Preparation Blocks Example

1. Gamb-

a leg– Latin

  • Gam – a leg; a school of whales
  • Gambit – an opening move in chess; a tactic, a manoeuvre (a tripping up)
  • Gambol – a leap; a playful jump or skip
  • Gammon – salted meat from the back leg of a pig

A Viola da gamba is a viol for the leg. (Viols are the older siblings of violins.)
A gambist is a viol player.

2. Gar-

Chatter– Latin

  • Gargle – washing one’s mouth and upper throat with a liquid, swishing a mouthwash
  • Gargoyle – a decorative stone carving of an ugly creature on the side of a building with an
  • open mouth or spout that conveys rainwater away from the walls
  • Garrulity – talkativeness, loquaciousness

“Garrulous” people are blabbermouths.
The word “jargon” also derives from the Latin word gaggire, meaning “to chatter”.

A Viola da gamba is a viol for the leg. (Viols are the older siblings of violins.)
A gambist is a viol player.

3. Gen-

birth, beget – Latin

  • Gene – the basic biological unit of heredity
  • Genealogy – ancestry, lineage; the study of a person’s descent or family tree
  • Generator – a dynamo, an alternator, a source; a machine that converts mechanical power into
  • electrical energy
  • Generation* – an age group, an age cohort; the average period of time (roughly 20 – 30 years)
  • between the birth of the parents and the birth of their children
  • Genesis – the beginning, the origin, the birth, the start

Genetics – the branch of biology that deals with heredity in organisms

A synonym for the offspring of an animal or a plant is its progeny. Animals and plants descend from their progenitors, begetters, parents or ancestors.

4. Ger-

old – Greek

  • Geriatric – an old person
  • Geriatrics – the branch of medicine that deals with the health of old people
  • Gerontology – the scientific study of ageing and old age
  • Gerontophobia – an abnormal fear of older people
  • Gerontologist, gerontophilia, gerontocracy

A gerontocracy is a form of political organisation where a few elderly leaders share political power.
Progeria is a rare genetic disorder in which symptoms resembling ageing are manifested at a very young age.

5. Gastr-

stomach – Latin

  • Gastronome – a connoisseur, a gourmet; someone who enjoys eating and preparing good food
  • Gastronomy – the art and the study of the cooking styles of certain cultures
  • Gastrology – the branch of medicine that is focused on the structure, function and diseases of
  • the stomach
  • Gastro-enteritis – inflammation of the stomach and intestines

A gastroscopy is an examination of the inside of the stomach using a gastroscope passed through the mouth and esophagus. A gastroscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing.

6. Giga-

giant – Greek

  • Giant – a legendary human-like creature; a very big person or thing
  • Gigabyte – a unit of data storage capacity that is roughly equivalent to 1 billion bytes
  • Gigahertz – one gigahertz represents 1 billion cycles per second. 
  • Gigawatt – a unit of power equal to one billion watts

A “ginormous” sandwich is an extremely large sandwich. The word “ginormous” is a blend of “gigantic” and “enormous”. British marines coined the term in the 1940s.
A giganotosaurus is an enormous carnivorous dinosaur. Gigantism is a condition characterised by excessive growth in height and in specific body parts.

7. Glot-

tongue Latin

  • Glossary – a list of (technical) terms at the back of a book
  • Glossitis – inflammation of the tongue
  • Glossophobia – the fear of public speaking; speech anxiety

A polyglot can speak many languages fluently while a monoglot can speak only one language.
The glottis is the opening between the vocal chords at the top of the larynx, that is closed by the epiglottis when you swallow.

8. Grad-

step Latin

  • Grade* – a level, a degree, a step; an incline, a slope
  • Gradient – a slope, an angle, a slant
  • Graduate – someone who completed a first (or undergraduate) degree

When we make progress we are moving forward, we are advancing, we are moving forward. When we regress, we are retreating, returning, going back or “walking back” as it were.

9. Grav-,

heavy– Latin

  • Grief – bereavement, heartbreak, mourning; intense sorrow
  • Gravitas – seriousness, solemnity, dignity
  • Gravity* – heaviness, attracting force; significance, importance
  • Grievance* – a complaint, an objection, a grudge, a gripe

When you aggravate your sports-injury it means that you make it worse. Literally it means that you burden yourself, you wear yourself down by, as it were, carrying a heavier weight.
A grievant is a person who submits a compliant for arbitration.

10. Grat-

Gym – Latin

  • Gymnasium* – a room or building designed for exercises or indoor sports (e. g. gymnastics)
  • Gymnast – someone trained in gymnastics
  • Gymnophobia – an irrational and persistent fear of nudity

In ancient Greece the word gymnasion meant “school for naked exercise.”  “Originally, gymnasiums were public institutions where male athletes over age 18 received training for competition in the public games of that time.” “In German-speaking countries, the word Gymnasium refers to state-
maintained secondary schools and is not associated with athletics or sports.”

These days we have gym abs, gym accessories, gym activities, gym academies, gym aerobics, gym aesthetics, gym anxiety, gym apps, gym apparel and gym assistants.
There are many species of gym members that fall under the genus of gym bodies. To mention just a few of the subcategory of gym addicts: gym rats, gym junkies, gym nuts, gym bunnies and gym freaks.