Blocks C HS – Term One 2018

1. Cap-, -cip-, capt-, -cipt-,

hold, take – Latin
Examples: captive – a prisoner, a detainee, a hostage, a convict

  • captive – a prisoner, a detainee, a hostage, a convict
  • capture – arrest, seizure, imprisonment, apprehension
  • captivity – confinement, bondage, imprisonment
  • captor – a guard, a keeper; the person who captures a person or animal
  • intercept – to seize, to cut off, to take away

2. Cardi-

heart – Greek
Examples: cardiology, cardiologist, cardiograph, cardiospasm,

  • cardiologist – a medical doctor who specialises in heart diseases
  • cardiograph – a device that records the force of cardiac contractions (heart muscles)
  • cardiology – the study of the structure and functions of the heart
  • concord – harmony, accord, agreement, camaraderie, comradeship; (con- together cord- heart)
  • cardiovascular – relating to the heart and blood vessels

3. Camer-

vault – Latin
Examples: camera, cameraman, chamber, chamberlain, camera crew, chamber orchestra, camera obscura, chamber of commerce, echo chamber, combustion chamber

  • chamber – a room, a small compartment, a cubicle
  • camera crew – a squad or group of technicians and assistants; the team responsible for the technical aspects of a film or television programme’s production
  • chamberlain – an administrator, a chamberlain, a representative, a steward
  • in camera – in private; in a lawyer’s chambers

4. Carn-

flesh – Latin
Examples: carnivore, carnival, carnage, carrion, carnivora, incarnation, carnality

  • carnival – a fair, a fete, a fiesta, a circus; an annual festival
  • carnage – massacre, bloodshed, slaughter, mass murder
  • carnivore – a meat-eater; a flesh-eating animal or plant
  • carnivora – a group of flesh-eating mammals
  • carrion – decaying flesh

5. Centr-

centre – Greek/Latin
Examples: centrifuge, centrist, centriole, centromere, centrosome, centre
forward, centrist, shopping centre, centre fold, eccentricity, egocentrism, epicentre

  • carnival – a fair, a fete, a fiesta, a circus; an annual festival
  • carnage – massacre, bloodshed, slaughter, mass murder
  • carnivore – a meat-eater; a flesh-eating animal or plant
  • carnivora – a group of flesh-eating mammals
  • carrion – decaying flesh

6. Clam-

cry out, shout, speak out – Latin
Examples: clamour, claim, declaration, proclamation, exclamation, acclaim, claimant

  • clamour – a din, a racket, a commotion, a cacophony; a loud cry, screaming
  • claim – a demand, an assertion, a request, a declaration
  • claimant – applicant, claimer, petitioner, complainant, litigant; someone who makes a claim

7. Claud-, -clud- , claus-, -clus-

close, shut – Latin
Examples: clause, conclusion, exclusion, seclusion, inclusion, claustrophobia

  • clause – a condition, a provision, a stipulation; a part of a legal document; a part of a sentence (with its own subject and verb)
  • claustrophobia – an irrational fear of enclosed or narrow spaces
  • conclusion – the close, the end, closure, the result, the outcome
  • seclusion – isolation, detachment; to shut off

8. Com-

together – Latin
Examples: combination, compassion, completion, comparison, component, commune, commemoration, comrade, compatriot

  • compatriot – fellow countryman, fellow citizen
  • comrade – ally, crony, friend, teammate; (etymology: chamber mate)
  • compassion – sympathy, kindness, empathy (etymology: to suffer with)
  • component – an element, an ingredient, a constituent part, (etymology: to put together)

8.1 Com-

together – Latin
Examples: combination, compassion, completion, comparison, component, commune, commemoration, comrade, compatriot

  • compatriot – fellow countryman, fellow citizen
  • comrade – ally, crony, friend, teammate; (etymology: chamber mate)
  • compassion – sympathy, kindness, empathy (etymology: to suffer with)
  • component – an element, an ingredient, a constituent part, (etymology: to put together)

8.2 Con-

together – Latin
Examples: Concert, contact, concentrate,

  • congratulations – good wishes, felicitations (etymology: to show joy with; to give thanks)
  • concentration – focus, condensation, consolidation, centring (etymology: bringing to a centre)
  • conjunction – a connection, a combination, an association; a word that joins sentences or clauses (etymology: to join with)
  • confidant – a trusted person (to trust with)
  • confluence – a merging of two rivers; a convergence (etymology: to flow together)
  • conservation – preservation, maintenance, protection, care (etymology: to keep, maintain or
    preserve)

9. Corpor-

body – Latin
Examples: corpse, corps, corporation, corpus, incorporation, corpulence, corset

  • corps – a team, a squad, a troop; a body of people with a common goal
  • corpus* – a large collection of texts
  • corpulence – portliness, stoutness, obesity, overweight, fatness

10. Cosm-

universe – Greek
Examples: cosmology, cosmonaut, cosmopolitan, cosmologist, cosmography, microcosm

  • cosmology – the study of the origin and development of the universe
  • cosmonaut – an astronaut, a space traveller; (the Russian term for an astronaut)
  • cosmopolitan –  an urbanite, a metropolitan, a city slicker, a jet-setter; a worldly-wise
    person
  • cosmos – the universe, space, creation; a view of the universe as an orderly and harmonious
    system

11. Cred-

believe, trust – Latin
Examples: credibility, credit, credit card, credit limit, credits, credo, credentials, creditor, credence, credulity

  • creed – a set of beliefs, principles or tenets; a formal statement of beliefs
  • credibility – trustworthiness, reliability, creditability, believability
  • credulity – naivety, gullibility, faith, susceptibility, credence, trust