icy cold, frozen, stiff– Latin
- gel – a semi-solid, jelly-like substance
- gelato – ice-cream
- gelatine – a colourless food ingredient that is derived from collagen obtained from various animal body parts
- gelation – the process of freezing a liquid
We use the word “congeal” to describe the process of changing from a liquid to a solid.
earth – Latin
- Geographer – an expert in the study of the features of the earth and its inhabitants
- Geography – the study of the physical features of the earth, its inhabitants and its atmosphere
- Geologist – an expert in the study of the physical features of the earth
- Geology – the study of the structure, surface and origin of the earth
- Geodesy – the science concerned with the shape, size, and the gravity field of the earth
A geographer is someone who “writes” down the physical features of the earth.
a sprout, a bud, a seed – Latin
- germ – a very small organism that spreads disease
- germicide – a substance that destroys germs
- germination – the development of an organism from a seed
We use the adjective ”germinal” to describe an early phase of development.
a sphere – Latin
- Glob – a lump, a blob; a small drop
- Globe – a sphere, an orb; the world
- Globule – a drop, a droplet
- Globetrotter – a world traveller, a tourist
When we say that the World Cup Soccer event is a “global” event we mean that it is played by most of the countries all over the world; all over the globe.
glory – Latin
- Glory – praise, honour, fame; splendour, magnificence
- Glorification – exaltation; a state of heightened honour; praise and admiration of God
- Gloriole – a halo, an aureole
A “glorious” summer day is a magnificent or wonderful summer day.
swallow, to gulp down – Latin/ Greek
- Glut – oversupply, excess, overabundance; too much of something
- Glutton – an excessively greedy eater; someone who eats too much
- Gluttony – overeating, binge eating; the habit of eating too much
“Gluttonous” people eat too much; they eat when they are not hungry.
- Grain* – the seed of certain types of grass; the texture of a fabric or wood; a bit, a small piece
- Granary – a storehouse for threshed grain; a grain-producing region
- Granola* – a snack or breakfast cereal that consists of oats, nuts, dried fruit, honey and confections (originally a trade mark)
- Granule * – a crumb, a morsel; a small* particle
A “granivore” is an animal (a bird) that eats mostly seeds and grains.
large, big, magnificent
- Grandeur – greatness, magnificence, splendour grandmaster – an expert, a champion; an international expert (in chess, bridge or martial arts)
- grandmother – the mother of one’s mother or father
- grandstanding – showing off, boasting
- Grand finale – the conclusion, the climax; the great ending of a performance
The “Grand prix” is the big prize; the grand stand is the big pavilion with the best views and a
“grandee” is the title of a nobleman in Spain or Portugal.
write – Latin
- Graffiti – wall scrawl; words or drawings on a public wall without permission
- Graph – a diagram, a chart
- Graphics – visuals, pictures, diagrams, images, commercial designs
- Graphology – the study of handwriting
There are many words (more than 800 according to one website) that contain the word stem “graph”. An autograph is a synonym for “signature” – your name written by yourself. An autobiography is a story of someone’s life written by himself or herself. Cartographers are people who draw or produce maps; they “write” maps. A calligrapher is someone who writes beautifully.
Photography is the art of writing with light and demography is a description (a written record) of human populations.
thank, “pleasing” – Latin
- Grace* – forgiveness, mercy, compassion; charm, dignity; elegance of movement
- Gratification – satisfaction, enjoyment, pleasure
- Gratitude – thankfulness, gratefulness
- Gratuity – a tip, a small amount of money given for services (a tip for a waiter)
When we congratulate someone, we tell them that we are thankful with them; we wish them joy (com-“together, with” + gratulari “give thanks, show joy”).
Something that is “gratis” is free of charge.