October 13, 2016

Synonyms/ antonyms – Term Four 2016

1. absorb assimilate, digest, incorporate, ingest
eject emit, disperse, exude, dissipate
2. active busy, eager, animated, alive
passive idle, lazy, inert, lifeless
3. achieve accomplish, realise, attain, reach
fail give up, abandon, surrender, yield
4. affectionate caring, kind, loving, sympathetic
aloof uncaring, cold, antagonistic, unsympathetic
5. afraid fearful, anxious, scared, apprehensive
brave confident, audacious, calm, unafraid

6. agree admit, allow, grant, permit
disagree deny, dispute, differ, reject
7. begin start, commence, set about, initiate
end stop,  complete, terminate, finish,
8. benefit advantage, favour, gain, profit
harm disadvantage, detriment, damage, loss,
9. big huge, large, gigantic, jumbo
small stop diminutive, miniature, pocket-sized
10. bright luminous, shiny, resplendent, brilliant
dark gloomy, dull, drab, dim

11. cheap inexpensive, economical, low-cost, low-priced
expensive pricey, exorbitant, excessive, high-priced
12. combine connect, mix, fuse, merge
split divide, sever, break up, separate
13. construct build up, assemble, erect, manufacture
destroy break, demolish, ruin, smash
14. courteous well-mannered, considerate, polite, respectful
discourteous bad-mannered, inconsiderate, rude, disrespectful
15. encourage aid, boost, spur, support
discourage dishearten, dispirit, deter, restrain

16. entrance door, entry, access, port
exit outlet, way out, passage out, egress
17. excellent superb, outstanding, first-rate, superior
mediocre so-so, below average, second-rate, inferior
18. fair impartial, just, lawful, unbiased
unfair partial, unjust, dishonest, biased
19. familiar well-known, everyday, common, accustomed
unfamiliar unknown, unusual, uncommon, unaccustomed
20. fast speedy, quick, rapid, snap
slow unhurried, tardy, sluggish, slack

21. favourable beneficial, suitable, opportune appropriate
Unfavourable harmful unsuitable inopportune inappropriate
22. Flat level, horizontal, flush, even
Upright straight-up, vertical, erect, perpendicular
23. firm fixed, stable, anchored, sturdy
infirm Flimsy, shaky, rickety, wobbly
24. Flourish flower, bloom, grow, burgeon
Wither wilt, fade, shrink, droop
25. friend buddy, companion, mate, pal
foe enemy, opponent, rival, adversary

26. full filled, jammed, loaded, saturated
empty void, bare, depleted, vacant
27. funny comical, humorous, loony, laughable
serious grim, sombre, solemn, weighty
28. high raised, elevated, lofty, towering
low sunken, subsided, low-set, bottomward
29. horizontal flush, level, flat, plane
vertical upright, perpendicular, erect, at right angles to
30. hot blazing, boiling, scorching, sizzling
cold arctic, chilly, freezing, icy

31. important significant, crucial, valuable, vital
unimportant insignificant, negligible, worthless, petty
32. include insert, incorporate, keep, contain
omit exclude, delete, drop, eliminate
33. inevitable inescapable, necessary, unavoidable, certain
avertible preventable, optional, chance, stoppable
34. joyous happy, elated, ecstatic, euphoric
sad miserable, morose, dismal, heartbroken
35. keep retain, save, maintain, preserve
discard scrap, shed, get rid of, ditch

36. kindle start a fire, ignite, light, inflame
extinguish quench, smother, stifle, darken
37. know grasp, comprehend, get the idea, fathom
misunderstand confuse, misinterpret, miss, misconstrue
38. many scores, a lot, tons, heaps
few hardly any, a handful, a scattering, a small quantity
39. mend repair, fix, restore, rebuild
break damage, destroy, smash, shatter
40. near close-by, nearby, adjacent, in close proximity
far distant, remote, removed, far-off

41. neat orderly, tidy, spic-and-span, organised
untidy unkempt, disorderly, messy, jumbled
42. often usually, frequently, generally, repeatedly
seldom sometimes, infrequently, occasionally, hardly ever
43. open accessible, approachable, available, usable
closed limited, restricted, shut, blocked
44. peace harmony, agreement, reconciliation, accord
war battle, hostility, strife, (armed) conflict
45. persuade induce, cajole, urge, coax
dissuade hinder, discourage, repel, subdue

46. plain simple, basic, unembellished, unpretentious
decorated adorned, patterned, embellished, ornate
47. rich wealthy, well-off, well-to-do, affluent
poor impoverished, poverty-stricken, destitute, needy
48. question inquiry, query, investigation, inquest
answer reply, response, retort, rejoinder
49. summit apex, peak, pinnacle, zenith
base bottom, lowest point, foot, nadir
50. travail work, toil, drudgery, labour
idleness leisure, dilly-dallying, relaxation, dawdling

*Three types of antonyms (gradable, complementary and relational) can be distinguished. Word meanings are context-dependent.