July 27, 2016

Synonyms/ antonyms – Third Term 2016

1. able capable, adept, competent, deft
unable incapable, inept, incompetent, unskilled
2. active busy, eager, animated, alive
passive idle, lazy, inert, lifeless
3. achieve accomplish, realise, attain, reach
fail give up, abandon, surrender, yield
4. affectionate caring, kind, loving, sympathetic
aloof uncaring, cold, antagonistic, unsympathetic
5. agree admit, allow, grant, permit
disagree deny, dispute, differ, reject

6. allow permit, grant, okay, consent
censor forbid, ban, delete, restrict
7. begin start, commence, set about, initiate
end stop,  complete, terminate, finish,
8. big huge, large, gigantic, jumbo
small stop diminutive, miniature, pocket-sized
9. bright luminous, shiny, resplendent, brilliant
dark gloomy, dull, drab, dim
10. broad wide, extensive, outstretched, expansive
narrow confined, restricted, thin, cramped

11. cheap inexpensive, economical, low-cost, low-priced
expensive pricey, exorbitant, excessive, high-priced
12. combine connect, mix, fuse, merge
split divide, sever, break up, separate
13. construct build up, assemble, erect, manufacture
destroy break, demolish, ruin, smash
14. courteous well-mannered, considerate, polite, respectful
discourteous bad-mannered, inconsiderate, rude, disrespectful
15. encourage aid, boost, spur, support
discourage dishearten, dispirit, deter, restrain

16. entrance door, entry, access, port
exit outlet, way out, passage out, egress
17. exactly precisely, definitely, on the dot, rigorously
approximately nearly, roughly, more or less, about
18. excellent superb, outstanding, first-rate, superior
mediocre so-so, below average, second-rate, inferior
19. fair impartial, just, lawful, unbiased
unfair partial, unjust, dishonest, biased
20. familiar well-known, everyday, common, accustomed
unfamiliar unknown, unusual, uncommon, unaccustomed

21. fast speedy, quick, rapid, snap
slow unhurried, tardy, sluggish, slack
22. Favourable beneficial, suitable, opportune appropriate
Unfavourable harmful unsuitable inopportune inappropriate
23. Flat level, horizontal, flush, even
Upright straight-up, vertical, erect, perpendicular
24. Firm fixed, stable, anchored, sturdy
infirm Flimsy, shaky, rickety, wobbly
25. Flourish flower, bloom, grow, burgeon
Wither wilt, fade, shrink, droop

26. friend buddy, companion, mate, pal
foe enemy, opponent, rival, adversary
27. full filled, jammed, loaded, saturated
empty void, bare, depleted, vacant
28. funny comical, humorous, loony, laughable
serious grim, sombre, solemn, weighty
29. happy cheerful, content, elated, thrilled
sad sorrowful, depressed, morose, troubled
30. high raised, elevated, lofty, towering
low sunken, subsided, low-set, bottomward

31. horizontal flush, level, flat, plane
vertical upright, perpendicular, erect, at right angles to
32. hot blazing, boiling, scorching, sizzling
cold arctic, chilly, freezing, icy
33. important significant, crucial, valuable, vital
unimportant insignificant, negligible, worthless, petty
34. include insert, incorporate, keep, contain
omit exclude, delete, drop, eliminate
35. know grasp, comprehend, get the idea, fathom
misunderstand confuse, misinterpret, miss, misconstrue

36. many scores, a lot, tons, heaps
few hardly any, a handful, a scattering, a small quantity
37. mend repair, fix, restore, rebuild
break damage, destroy, smash, shatter
38. near close-by, nearby, adjacent, in close proximity
far distant, remote, removed, far-off
39. neat orderly, tidy, spic-and-span, organised
untidy unkempt, disorderly, messy, jumbled
40. often usually, frequently, generally, repeatedly
seldom sometimes, infrequently, occasionally, hardly ever

41. open accessible, approachable, available, usable
closed limited, restricted, shut, blocked
42. peace harmony, agreement, reconciliation, accord
war battle, hostility, strife, (armed) conflict
43. plain simple, basic, unembellished, unpretentious
decorated adorned, patterned, embellished, ornate
44. relax slow down, recline, twiddle thumbs, unwind
agonize worry, feel uneasy, fret, grieve
45. rich wealthy, well-off, well-to-do, affluent
poor impoverished, poverty-stricken, destitute, needy

46. question inquiry, query, investigation, inquest
answer reply, response, retort, rejoinder
47. save hoard, stash, accumulate, stockpile
spend pay out, expend, disburse, invest
48. silence stillness, quiet, calmness, hush
thunder blast, boom, crash, roar
49. soft fluffy, flexible, cushioned, pliable
hard unbendable, inflexible, rigid, unpliable
50. Wise sane, judicious, prudent, sensible
Stupid foolish, injudicious, imprudent, senseless

*Three types of antonyms (gradable, complementary and relational) can be distinguished. Word meanings are context-dependent.